Newark is a city of about 10,000 people located about 30 miles east of Rochester in Wayne County. The center of the village is at Main Street (State Route 88) and Union Street (State Route 31). Route 31 runs next to the southern bank of the Erie Canal.
The village was originally called "Miller's Basin," after the person who built that section of the Erie Canal. The current village also includes the former "Village of Arcadia," which was previously called "Lockville" prior to its own incorporation in 1839. The Village of Newark was incorporated in 1853, to include Lockville.